Sonnet 29, by William Shakespeare, is about a man who is jealous of his surroundings. He is jealous of men who are more fortunate than he his. The speaker describes himself as a social outcast because he thinks he does not fit in with everyone else. The man wishes he were better looking, more skillfull, more hopeful, had more friends, and had more freedom. He feels like God is not hearing his pleas for a better life but when he thinks of the one he loves, the speaker would not trade his love for all the money in the world.
The literary devices that I found in Sonnet 29 were metaphor, symbolism, and pesonification. The metaphors that were found in this sonnet are in lines 10-12. There are many examples of symbolism within Sonnet 29. Many of those examples can be found in lines 1-3, 7, 11, and 13. In Sonnet 29, the use of personification is little, however, can be found in line 3.
Shakespeare uses literary devices to connect the readers to the poem and possibly his life. Metaphors were used in lines 10-12. In these lines, he compares his love to the lark who sings songs to the heavens. Shakespeare uses this metaphor because he wants to show the reader how happy the thought of his true love makes him feel. Even in the toughest times, the speaker is brightened by the thought of his love and Shakespeare wants to display this to his readers. Shakespeare uses symbolism many times throught out the poem, especially in 1-3, 7, 11, and 13. In the first three lines, Shakespeare symbolizes that he is jealous of everything in society. He uses symbolism here because he wants the reader to know that the speaker feels like an outcast compared to the rest of society. In line 7, Shakespeare uses symbolism to describe the skills of other men and their freedom. He uses symbolism in this line because he is describing his wanting of better skills and more freedom. In the eleventh line, the symbolism is that the speaker is describing his lover as a lark. He uses this symbolism because he is portraying that his lover is as lovely as a songbird singing to the heavens. In line 13, the wealth that is brought to the speaker everytime he thinks of his lover shows how happy she makes him feel. Shakespeare uses this as symbolism because he is displaying that love his strong enough to pull someone out of their darkest hours. Lastly, personification can be found in line 3. Shakespeare is giving Heaven human like characteristics, such as the ability to hear. He includes this in his sonnet because this adds to the lonesomeness the speaker is feeling, since even God will not answer his wishes.
In reference to Shakespeare’s life and God, Sonnet 29 may be the response to the closing of the London theatre because of the plague. Also, because the theatre was closed down, it was hard for Shakespeare to earn a living which may explain the reason he may have included that the speaker felt like he was having ‘a disgrace with fortune.’ Even when he prayed for salvation from God, his prayers went unanswered. This may have added to his desparity as well, compelling him to write this sonnet. However, it could be possible that when ever Shakespeare thought of the someone he loved, all his sorrows dissapeared.